Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC.

Taxonomy: Apiaceae// Genus: Torilis// Species: Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC.

Determined according to the botanical key provided in the The Flora of the Republic of Macedonia (Micevski and Matevski, 2005) and Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1968).

Lifeform: Annual; Therophyte according to the Raunkiær system.

Distribution: Native to most of Europe and parts of Asia, from Turkey to China and Japan according to the distribution information provided by the Plants of the World Online portal (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew).

Habitat:  Among bushes, sparse woods, paths.

Flowering period:  Summer (JUN, JUL, AUG).

Torilis japonica – habit. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 17.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – upper part of plant with umbels. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 17.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – habit. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 17.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – inflorescence (umbel). Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 17.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – inflorescence (umbel). Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 17.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – inflorescence (umbel). Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 17.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – inflorescence (umbel). Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 17.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – inflorescence (umbel) with rays and partial umbels. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 17.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – inflorescence (umbel) with rays and partial umbels. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 17.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – inflorescence (umbel) with rays and partial umbels. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 17.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – stem and cauline leaves. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 17.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – stem and upper cauline leaf. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 17.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – middle cauline leaf. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 17.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – lower cauline leaves. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 17.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – habit. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 29.08.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – habit. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 29.08.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – inflorescence. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 29.08.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – flowering and fruiting inflorescence. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 29.08.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – inflorescence with fruits. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 29.08.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – inflorescence with fruits. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 29.08.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – inflorescence with fruits. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 29.08.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – fruits. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 29.08.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – fruits. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 29.08.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – cauline leaf. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 29.08.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – cauline leaf. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 29.08.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – cauline leaf. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 29.08.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – stem with cauline leaf. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 29.08.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – stem with cauline leaf. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 29.08.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – cauline leaf. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 29.08.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – cauline leaf. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 29.08.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – cauline leaf. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 29.08.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – leaf segments. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 29.08.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – leaf segments. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 29.08.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – adaxial side of leaf. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 29.08.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Torilis japonica – abaxial side of leaf. Gorge of “Kochanska” River, 29.08.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.

References:

Torilis Adanson. Micevski, K in Micevski, K. (2005). The Flora of the Republic of Macedonia Vol. I, Book 6. Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, pp. 1650 – 1655.

Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC. Plants of the World Online portal, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/taxon/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:849533-1 [Accessed 16.09.2021].

Torilis Adanson. Cannon, J.F.M. in Tutin, T.G., Heywood, V.H., Burges, N.A., Moore, D.M., Valentine, D.H., Walters, S.M. & Webb, D.A. (1968). Flora Europaea. Volume 2: Rosaceae to Umbelliferae. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 371 – 372.

Last update: 10.01.2023.

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