Scabiosa columbaria L. subsp. columbaria

Taxonomy: Fam. Dipsacaceae// Genus: Scabiosa// Species: Scabiosa columbaria L.// Subspecies: Scabiosa columbaria L. subsp. columbaria

Determined according to the botanical key provided in Flora Europaea Vol. 4 (Tutin et al., 1976).

Distribution: Scabiosa columbaria L. is native from Europe to West Asia; Northwest, East and Central Africa according to the Plants of the World Online portal (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew).

Habitat: Open habitats- grasslands, clearings of forests.

Lifeform: Perrenial, hemicryptophyte according to the Raunkiaer system.

Flowering period: Summer: JUN, JUL, AUG.

Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – habit. Osogovo- Ponikva, 03.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – habit. Osogovo- Ponikva, 03.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – habit. Osogovo- Ponikva, 03.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – habit. Osogovo- Ponikva, 03.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – flowering stem. Osogovo- Ponikva, 03.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – capitulum. Osogovo- Ponikva, 03.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – capitulum. Osogovo- Ponikva, 03.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – capitulum. Osogovo- Ponikva, 03.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – capitulum. Osogovo- Ponikva, 03.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – capitulum. Osogovo- Ponikva, 03.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – involucre of capitulum. Osogovo- Ponikva, 03.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – stem and upper cauline leaves. Osogovo- Ponikva, 03.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – stem and upper cauline leaves. Osogovo- Ponikva, 03.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – stem and leaves. Osogovo- Ponikva, 03.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – cauline leaf. Osogovo- Ponikva, 03.07.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – habit in habitat. Osogovo- Ponikva, 24.07.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – habit. Osogovo- Ponikva, 24.07.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – habit. Osogovo- Ponikva, 24.07.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – capitulum with opened marginal florets and developing central florets. Osogovo- Ponikva, 24.07.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – capitulum with opened marginal florets and developing central florets. Osogovo- Ponikva, 24.07.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – capitulum. Osogovo- Ponikva, 24.07.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – capitulum. Osogovo- Ponikva, 24.07.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – capitulum. Osogovo- Ponikva, 24.07.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – involucre. Osogovo- Ponikva, 24.07.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria –capitlum with involucre. Osogovo- Ponikva, 24.07.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria –fruits. Osogovo- Ponikva, 24.07.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria –fruits. Osogovo- Ponikva, 24.07.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria –upper cauline leaves. Osogovo- Ponikva, 24.07.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – upper cauline leaves. Osogovo- Ponikva, 24.07.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – cauline leaves. Osogovo- Ponikva, 24.07.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Scabiosa columbaria subsp. columbaria – lower cauline leaves. Osogovo- Ponikva, 24.07.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.

References:

Scabiosa columbaria L. Plants of the World Online, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. https://powo.science.kew.org/taxon/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:319793-1 [Accessed 27.11.2021].

Tutin, T.G., Heywood, V.H., Burges, N.A., Moore, D.M., Valentine, D.H., Walters, S.M. & Webb, D.A. (1976). Flora Europaea. Volume 4: Plantaginaceae to Compositae (and Rubiaceae). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Last update: 03.02.2022.

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