Carpinus betulus L.

Taxonomy: Fam. Corylaceae// Genus: Carpinus// Species: Carpinus betulus L. The taxonomic classification is given according to The Euro+Med PlantBase (source: Uotila, 2009).

Determined according to the botanical key provided in The Flora of the Republic of Macedonia (Micevski, 1993).

Distribution: Native from Europe to Iran according to the distribution information provided by the Plants of the World Online portal (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew).

Habitat: Mesic forests in the sub montane European beech belt.

Lifeform: Perennial, tree; mesophanerophyte according to the Raunkiær system.

Flowering period: Spring: APR, MAY.

Carpinus betulus – habit in spring during flowering. “Shtalkovichka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Carpinus betulus – habit in spring during flowering. “Shtalkovichka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Carpinus betulus – habit in spring during flowering. “Shtalkovichka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Carpinus betulus – tree crown in spring during flowering. “Shtalkovichka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Carpinus betulus – tree crown in spring during flowering. “Shtalkovichka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Carpinus betulus – male inflorescence. “Shtalkovichka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Carpinus betulus – male inflorescence. “Shtalkovichka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Carpinus betulus – male inflorescence. “Shtalkovichka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Carpinus betulus – male inflorescence. “Shtalkovichka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Carpinus betulus – female inflorescence. “Shtalkovichka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Carpinus betulus – female inflorescence. “Shtalkovichka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Carpinus betulus – female inflorescence. “Shtalkovichka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Carpinus betulus – female inflorescence. “Shtalkovichka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Carpinus betulus – developing leaf. “Shtalkovichka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Carpinus betulus – trunk with branches. “Shtalkovichka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Carpinus betulus – trunk. “Shtalkovichka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Carpinus betulus – trunk. “Shtalkovichka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Carpinus betulus – trunk. “Shtalkovichka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Carpinus betulus – habit (left) and part of crown (right). Osogovo, “Shtalkovichka” River, 16.08.2020. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Carpinus betulus – twigs with fruits and leaves. Osogovo, “Shtalkovichka” River, 16.08.2020. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Carpinus betulus – fruits. Osogovo, “Shtalkovichka” River, 16.08.2020. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Carpinus betulus – twigs with leaves. Osogovo, “Shtalkovichka” River, 16.08.2020. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Carpinus betulus – twigs with leaves. Osogovo, “Shtalkovichka” River, 16.08.2020. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.

References:

Micevski, K. (1993). The Flora of the Republic of Macedonia Vol. 1, Book 2. Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts.

Carpinus betulus. Uotila, P. (2009): Corylaceae. – In: Euro+Med Plantbase – the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity. Published on the Internet http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/PTaxonDetail.asp?NameId=17990&PTRefFk=7300000 [Accessed 02.04.2022].

Carpinus betulus L. Plants of the World Online portal, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. https://powo.science.kew.org/taxon/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:295248-1 [Accessed 02.04.2022].

Last update: 04.05.2022.

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