Taxonomy: Fam. Brassicaceae// Genus: Sisymbrium// Species: Sisymbrium irio L.
Determined according to the botanical key provided in The Flora of the Republic of Macedonia (Micevski, 1995).
Lifeform: Annual; therophyte according to the Raunkiaer system.
Distribution: Native to Central, South and Southeast Europe, West and Central Asia to North China and Himalaya, North and Northeast Africa to Mauritania and Nigeria according to the distribution information provided by the Plants of the World Online portal (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew).
Habitat: Disturbed ground – ruderal areas, wastelands, in and near settlements, roadsides.
Flowering period: Spring – autumn: MAR, APR, MAY, JUN, JUL, AUG, SEP.
Micevski, V. (1995). The Flora of the Republic of Macedonia Vol. I, Book 3. Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts.