Taxonomy: Fam. Plantaginaceae// Genus: Veronica// Species: Veronica persica Poir. The classification is given according to the Euro+Med Planbase (Marhold, 2011+).
Determined according to the botanical key provided in Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1972).
Lifeform: Annual; Therophyte according to the Raunkiær system.
Distribution: Native from the Caucasus to N. Iran and widely distributed as an introduced species thru out Europe, Asia, Africa, North America and South America (Plants of the World Onlinea). Tutin et al. (1972) consider it as naturalized in Europe.
Habitat: A winter-spring ruderal. Found in the wild in sunny to semi-shady places in moist conditions, near streams and rivers. A very common weed found on disturbed ground- waste places, near roads, orchards, cultivated land, near and in settlements, urban areas, gardens. In the Osogovo region it is a very common spring weed along with Veronica polita, a similar species from the same genus.
Flowering period: Late winter thru spring (FEB, MAR, APR, MAY).
Marhold, K. (2011+): Veronica. – In: Euro+Med Plantbase – the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity. http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/PTaxonDetail.asp?NameCache=Veronica%20persica&PTRefFk=7200000 [Accessed 14.03.2021]
Tutin, T.G., Heywood, V.H., Burges, N.A., Moore, D.M., Valentine, D.H., Walters, S.M. & Webb, D.A. (1972). Flora Europaea. Volume 3: Diapensiaceae to Myoporaceae. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Veronica polita Fr. Plants of the World Online, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/taxon/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:812496-1 [Accessed 14.03.2021]