Onobrychis caput-galli Lam.

Taxonomy: Fam. Fabaceae// Genus: Onobrychis // Species: Onobrychis caput-galli Lam.

Determined according to the botanical key provided in The Flora of the Republic of Macedonia (Micevski, 2001).

Lifeform: Annual; Therophyte according to the Raunkiær system.

Distribution: Native to Southeast and parts of East Europe (Balkan Peninsula to Ukraine and Crimea) and Western Asia according to The Euro+Med PlantBase (source: ILDIS World Database of Legumes, 2010) and the Plants of the World Online portal (Royal Botanic Gardens Kew).

Habitat:  Found in open dry habitats – grasslands, rocky terrains, sparse bushland, edges and clearings of mixed oak forests.

Flowering period:  Late spring to summer (MAY, JUN, JUL).

Onobrychis caput-galli  – flowers. Osogovo, mountain ridge between the gorges of “Kochanska” and “Orizarska” rivers, 16.05.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Onobrychis caput-galli  – flowers. Osogovo, mountain ridge between the gorges of “Kochanska” and “Orizarska” rivers, 16.05.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Onobrychis caput-galli  – habit. Osogovo, mountain ridge between the gorges of “Kochanska” and “Orizarska” rivers, 16.05.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Onobrychis caput-galli  – habit. Osogovo, mountain ridge between the gorges of “Kochanska” and “Orizarska” rivers, 16.05.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Onobrychis caput-galli  – stem with cauline leaves and inflorescence. Osogovo, mountain ridge between the gorges of “Kochanska” and “Orizarska” rivers, 16.05.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Onobrychis caput-galli  – stem with cauline leaves and inflorescence. Osogovo, mountain ridge between the gorges of “Kochanska” and “Orizarska” rivers, 16.05.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Onobrychis caput-galli  – inflorescence. Osogovo, mountain ridge between the gorges of “Kochanska” and “Orizarska” rivers, 16.05.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Onobrychis caput-galli  – stem with cauline leaves and inflorescence. Osogovo, mountain ridge between the gorges of “Kochanska” and “Orizarska” rivers, 16.05.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Onobrychis caput-galli  – inflorescence. Osogovo, mountain ridge between the gorges of “Kochanska” and “Orizarska” rivers, 16.05.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Onobrychis caput-galli  – stem with cauline leaves, flowering and fruiting inflorescences. Osogovo, mountain ridge between the gorges of “Kochanska” and “Orizarska” rivers, 16.05.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Onobrychis caput-galli  – flowering and fruiting inflorescence. Osogovo, mountain ridge between the gorges of “Kochanska” and “Orizarska” rivers, 16.05.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Onobrychis caput-galli  – pods. Osogovo, mountain ridge between the gorges of “Kochanska” and “Orizarska” rivers, 16.05.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Onobrychis caput-galli  – pods. Osogovo, mountain ridge between the gorges of “Kochanska” and “Orizarska” rivers, 16.05.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Onobrychis caput-galli  – pods. Osogovo, mountain ridge between the gorges of “Kochanska” and “Orizarska” rivers, 16.05.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.

References:

Micevski, K. (2001). The Flora of the Republic of Macedonia Vol. I, Book 5. Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts.

Onobrychis caput-galli (L.) Lam. Plants of the World Online portal, Royal Botanic Gardens,Kew. http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/taxon/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:509883-1 [Accessed 17.06.2021].

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