Taxonomy: Fam. Violaceae// Genus: Viola// Species: Viola arvensis Murray
Determined according to the botanical key provided in The Flora of the Republic of Macedonia (Micevski, 1995).
Lifeform: Annual; Therophyte according to the Raunkiær system.
Distribution: Native from Europe to Siberia and Iran, Macaronesia to Northwest Africa according to the Plants of the World Online portal (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew).
Habitat: Grassland, shrubland, clearings of forests, rocky terrains, also found on disturbed ground.
Flowering period: Spring – summer (MAR, APR, MAY, JUN).
Micevski, K. (1995). The Flora of the Republic of Macedonia Vol. I, Book 3. Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts.
Viola arvensis Murray. Plants of the World Online portal, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/taxon/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:291320-2 [Accessed 28.09.2021].