Determined according to the botanical key provided in The Flora of the Republic of Macedonia (Micevski, 1995).
Lifeform: Annual; therophyte according to the Raunkiær system.
Distribution: Native to Canary Islands, France, South Europe, Central Europe to Iran and Turkmenistan, Northwest Africa according to the distribution information provided by the Plants of the World Online portal.
Habitat: Grasslands/ pastures, rocky terrains, river gorges, disturbed ground.
Flowering period: Spring: MAR, APR,MAY.
Micevski, K. (1995). The Flora of the Republic of Macedonia Vol. I, Book 3. Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts.