Fagus sylvatica L. f. sylvatica

Taxonomy: Fam. Fagaceae// Genus: Fagus// Species: Fagus sylvatica L.// Form: Fagus sylvatica L. f. sylvatica.

Determined according to the botanical key provided by Micevski (1993).

Distribution: Fagus sylvatica L. is native from Europe to Turkey and Caucasus according to the distribution information provided by the Plants of the World Online portal (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew) and The Euro+Med PlantBase (source: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, 2010).

Habitat: Main component of European beech forests, found at elevation between 900 and 1600 m.

Lifeform: Perennial, tree; Mesophanerophyte according to the Raunkiær system.

Flowering period: Spring: APR, MAY.

 Fagus sylvatica – habit. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – habit. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – habit. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – tree crown. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – tree crown. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – female flower. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – female flower. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – female flower. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – female flower. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – male inflorescence. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – male inflorescence. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – male inflorescence. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – male inflorescence. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – leaves. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – leaves. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – developing leaves. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – adaxial side of leaf. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – abaxial side of leaf. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – twig. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – twig. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – trunk anf branches. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – trunk and branches . Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – trunk. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – trunk. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – trunk. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
 Fagus sylvatica – trunk. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 25.04.2022. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Fagus sylvatica – habit (left) and habitat- European beech forest. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 15.08.2020. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Fagus sylvatica – tree crown. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 15.08.2020. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Fagus sylvatica – tree crown. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 15.08.2020. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Fagus sylvatica – fruits. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 15.08.2020. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Fagus sylvatica – fruit. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 15.08.2020. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Fagus sylvatica – leaves. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 15.08.2020. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Fagus sylvatica – trunk. Osogovo, “Shtalkovicka” River, 15.08.2020. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Fagus sylvatica – habit in habitat. Osogovo – Ponikva, 24.07.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Fagus sylvatica – habit. Osogovo – Ponikva, 24.07.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Fagus sylvatica – leaves. Osogovo – Ponikva, 24.07.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.
Fagus sylvatica – trunk with branches. Osogovo – Ponikva, 24.07.2021. Photo by Trajche Dimitrovski.

References:

Fagus L. Micevski, K. (1993). The Flora of the Republic of Macedonia Vol. 1, Book 2. Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, pp. 194 – 195.

Fagus sylvatica L. Plants of the World Online portal, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. https://powo.science.kew.org/taxon/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:305836-2 [Accessed 02.01.2023].

Fagus sylvatica. The Euro+Med PlantBase Source: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (2010), copyright © The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 2010. Published on the Internet https://europlusmed.org/cdm_dataportal/taxon/68c1ac04-391b-49df-990a-3dd6a75d05b6 [Accessed 02.01.2023].

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